20-026 The φ meson with finite momentum in a dense medium
HyungJoo Kim, Philipp Gubler
Physics Letter B 805 (2020) 135412
The dispersion relation of theϕmeson in nuclear matter is studied in a QCD sum rule approach. In a dense medium, longitudinal and transverse modes of vector particles can have independently modified dispersion relations due to broken Lorentz invariance. Employing the full set of independent operators and corresponding Wilson coefficients up to operator dimension-6, theϕmeson QCD sum rules are analyzed with changing densities and momenta. The non-trivial momentum dependence of the ϕmeson mass is found to have opposite signs for the longitudinal and transverse modes. Specifically, the mass is reduced by 5 MeV for the longitudinal mode, while its increase amounts to 7 MeV for the transverse mode, both at a momentum scale of 1 GeV. In an experiment which does not distinguish between longitudinal and transverse polarizations, this could in principle be seen as two separated peaks at large momenta. Taking however broadening effects into account, the momentum dependence will most likely be seen as a small but positive effective mass shift and an increased effective width for non-zero momenta.